According to the above events and details in the book of recollections
"Lerin in Blood and Mourning", it can be concluded that before
the start of the Greek Civil War in 1945 there were 96 settled places
in the Lerin region with about 85,000 residents. A majority of places
were settled by Macedonians and a smaller number by Greek-Prosfigi,
Albanians, Vlachs and a mixture of backgrounds.
During the occupation by the fascist forces of Germany, Italy and Bulgaria
in the period 1941-45, the residents of the Lerin region actively took
part in the armed forces of ELAS to liberate Greece. At the time of
the most bloody Civil War which was waged in Greek in 1946-49 the residents
of the Lerin region took part in the organization of NOF and in the
armed forces of DAG led by KPG with more than 6,485 active fighters.
At the time of those bloody battles in which brother fought against
brother more than 2,063 fighters gave their lives, of whom 1,843 were
men and 220 were women (according to the details I have available).
From the above details it is apparent that all the villages of the
Lerin region were covered in blood and the residents draped in mourning
black. This makes it clear where the title of this book comes from.
After the destruction of the armed forces of DAG, because of weakness,
wrong policies and the strategy of the KPG leadership led by Nikos Zaharijadis,
a large number of the surviving fighters were forced into the Republic
of Albania to reach the eastern bloc socialist republics and to FNR
Yugoslavia. Not a single one of the surviving fighters left the front
line in good health. Most were injured to a greater or lesser degree
and with huge traumas in their souls. They were compelled to pass the
rest of their lives in unknown foreign lands away from their homes and
After the Greek Civil War in 1949 and after the great emigration and
forced settlement, the number of residents in the Lerin region fell.
This can be seen in the census undertaken in Greece in 2001, according
to which in the Lerin region there were 54,751 residents and the number
of settled places was reduced.
With this album of recollections, "Lerin in Blood and Mourning"",
I would like to forever eternalize the names of the fallen fighters-heroes
from the Lerin region who wrote the history of the Macedonian people
with their own blood.
May their names be honoured and may their descendants and all Macedonian
people be proud.
< Return to Index or Next
Lerin in Mourning